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The fourth largest country in Africa is about the size of Spain, Portugal, France, Germany and the UK combined. Independence: 24 December 1951 (from UN trusteeship). Constitution: 11 December 1969, amended 2 March 1977--established popular congresses and people's committees.
Libya's main population centers are spread along the more fertile strip at the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Geography: Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia. mi., more than three times the size of France) Terrain: Mediterranean coastline, highlands and deserts (90% of Libya) in interior. Agriculture products: Wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans; cattle.
Official Name: Libya Formerly: Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma, Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya short form: Lībiyā int'l long form: none int'l short form: Libya ISO Country Code: ly Time: Local Time = UTC 2h Actual Time: Country Calling Code: 218 Capital City: Tripoli (pop. Climate: Mediterranean along the coast; dry and extreme hot in desert interior. Population: 6.3 million (includes 0.6 million non-nationals of sub-Saharan Africans living in Libya). English, French, and Italian are understood in major cities. Industries: Petroleum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement.
Ethnic groups: Berber and Arab 97%; Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians. Currency: Libyan Dinar (LYD) Source: GPCT Libya and others. Background: Since he took power in a 1969 military coup, Col.
About 90% of the country is covered by the Libyan desert (part of he Sahara) where agriculture and therfore live is possible only in a few scattered oases. The National Transitional Council of Libya was formed by anti-Gaddafi forces to represent Libya in the 2011 Libyan uprising.
Its likely that in most situations well see the same elites in power, with perhaps some new political actors added, but entirely new systems of government will be rare.
In Egypt, for example, democratic institutions have long existed parliament, elections, political parties but have been constrained or outright oppressed, hijacked or manipulated with election fraud.
After Egypt was successful in its revolution against leader Hosni Mubarak, the Middle East has seen uprisings in a number of countries. We have seen uprisings in not only military dictatorships but also in wealthy Gulf countries, across a broad spectrum of geography, economic systems and political regimes.
One common factor among most countries with uprisings is that 50 percent of their population are in their late 20s and younger, short on economic opportunities, tired of variants of despotism, and seeking to change their individual and national situations.
Elizabeth Frierson is an associate professor in the Department of History and former director of Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Cincinnati.